Essential Vitamins and Minerals for Seniors

Posted by Mike McQuinn on January 8, 2014 | no comments

pillVitamins are nutrients you need to stay healthy and minerals are nutrients your body needs to function. These both are produced, but sometimes in too small of amounts. This is where supplements come in hand. These supplements are vitamins and minerals in pill form and will help restore those essentials that you may not be producing enough of.

Make sure you speak with your doctor before starting these supplements because each can affect others in different way. You should find out how the drug works and if it will affect any other medications you may be taking.

Below are a few essential vitamins and minerals that are great additions to a healthy nutritious diet:

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is an important part of the process of strong bones. It helps your body in the absorption of calcium from the gut in order to produce healthy bones. It helps reduce the risk of osteoporosis, as well as reducing the risk of certain cancers and heart disease.

This type of vitamin is usually made when your skin is exposed to sunlight. Five to 30 minutes of sun twice a week is enough for the right amount. As you age, it is hard to get out in the sunlight and in that case your doctor may prescribe you Vitamin D to up your intake.


Calcium is found in your bones, but when you age it tends to leave your body and this is when you may get diagnosed with osteoporosis or osteomalacia. When maintaining strong bones, it is a good idea to do weight-bearing exercise and because Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium, it is good to take both supplements at the same time.


Iron is found in red blood cells and when you lack iron, you are at risk of becoming anemic. Bleeding caused by ulcers, injury or surgery can cause a loss of iron. Make sure you consult your doctor before taking this supplement.

Vitamin B12

All cells throughout your body, especially in your brain and spinal cord, use Vitamin B12. I you become deficient in this vitamin, you may experience confusion or hallucinations. Your body may not absorb vitamin B12 as well as you age. Since this vitamin comes from animal products, if you are a vegetarian or eat less meat than you used to, starting a vitamin B12 supplement may be a good idea.

Folic Acid

Folic Acid, or Folate, is an essential B vitamin that also contributes to the prevention of anemia. Older people whose diet does not include many types of meat may be at risk and should ask their doctor if a supplement is right for them.


Fiber is great for the promotion of healthy digestion by moving foods through the digestive tract. Grains, beans, fruits and vegetables are a great source of fiber and can reduce the risk of heart disease. If you are not eating enough of those foods, it may be time to take a fiber supplement.

I hope that this post has helped you and will keep you healthy. As with any pill, make sure you consult your doctor before you begin taking them.

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